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Superior Course Content

The success of Rigos’ program lies in its Seamless Process that is made up of high quality text books, an unrivalled grading system, personal mentorship, and a unique and superior approach to conquering the Bar Exam. Across the United States Rigos Uniform Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam Review (MPRE) Series Books are sold through Amazon.

Text Book Features
My Rigos Study Place
Magic Memory Outlines®
Writing Program

Text Book Features

We have a superior course for the multi-state examination, using materials written for a national audience. With Rigos, you will only study material that is tested on your exam.

Concise and Comprehensive Texts - We include all the material tested on the multi-state exam.  This is a very important issue to a serious student. We suggest you go to our sample chapter section of this site. Compare our Contract outline to the other courses. You will immediately realize why Rigos students have a higher pass rate than any of the competitive courses.

Bound Format - The Rigos MBE, MEE, MPT, and MPRE textbooks are contained in bound textbooks.

Important Advantages - The Rigos material contains such useful and important aids as Magic Memory Outlines, memory ladders, acronyms, Rigos tips and frequency distributions of prior questions' issues and black letter law.

Questions and Answers - The texts contain hundreds of prior Bar exam questions with sample answers or answer outlines for both the MBE multiple-choice questions and the MEE essays.  Below are some sample questions and answers from Rigos Primer Series Review® on Contracts.

Question 1: The most likely contract to be classified under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) is a contract for

     A.  An attorney’s advice on an estate plan.
     B.  Crops and timber to be severed from the property later.
     C.  The purchase of a commercial property building.
     D.  The sale of an intangible asset.

1. /B/ The best answer because it is the only contract of the four presented that is not from the SIR topics (service, intangibles, and real estate) which fall under the common law. Goods include crops and timber that can be severed from the real property without harm. A is incorrect because an attorney’s advice is a type of service, which is our S in SIR. C is incorrect because a contract for property falls under the real estate category, which is our R in SIR. D is incorrect because a contract for an intangible asset falls under the intangible category, which is our I in SIR.

Question 2: Connie Computer decided to purchase a $1,000 laptop computer to use during law school. When she went into Computer Retailer Inc., the salesperson also sold her a 5-year service agreement for $1,200 for a total price of $2,200. Nine months later, the laptop stopped working and Computer Retailer refused to perform on their service agreement. If Connie sues Computer Retailer, the trial court will likely find for

     A.  Connie, under the common law because the predominate purpose for which the parties contracted was the sale of goods.
     B.  Connie, under the UCC only if the predominate reason for entering into the contract was for the goods portion of the contract.
     C.  Connie, under the UCC unless the predominate purpose of the agreement was for the service agreement portion of the contract.
     D.  Computer Retailer, if the court determines that the predominate purpose of the agreement is determined by intent and not the relative dollars assigned to the computer and the service agreement.

2. /B/ B is correct because the “only if” limiting modifier is possible under these facts and it creates a more compelling factual argument to support the legal conclusion than the other alternatives.  A is not the best answer because the conditional modifiers “because” or “since” make the following legal reasoning a requirement which must be met for the alternative to be correct; here the reasoning is not required and is incorrect since the predominate dollar purpose is for the personal service contract ($1,200 v $1,000). C is not the best answer because the rationale supporting the conditional modifier “unless” means the rationale must be necessary; here the judge could apply the UCC to a common law contract by analogy. D is not the best answer; the “if” modifier makes the most compelling argument, but the conclusion - Computer Retailer prevailing - does not follow from the argument.

Question 3: Wendy Wholesaler sold merchandise to Roberta Retailer. A dispute has arisen over Wendy's promise to hold an offer open between the parties and Roberta is trying to prove that Wendy is a “merchant” as opposed to a “casual party.” The least important factor indicating the status of a “merchant” is that Wendy

     A.  Is a wholesaler rather than a retailer.
     B.  Deals in the goods sold to Roberta.
     C.  Holds herself out as an expert in the goods sold to Roberta.
     d.  Sells under 10 units a year to Roberta.

3. /A/ The least important factor in determining if a seller is a merchant would be if they sold at wholesale or at retail.  Either a wholesaler or a retailer could be classified as either a merchant or a casual seller.  B is incorrect because a seller who “deals in the goods” is one of the most significant merchant characteristics listed in UCC 2.104.  C is incorrect because a seller who “holds herself out as an expert having special knowledge and skill in the goods” is one of the merchant characteristics listed in UCC 2.104.  D is not the best answer because the number of units sold in a given year is not dispositive as to whether the seller is a merchant or casual seller.  It could be that 10 units a year would not be a sufficient quantity to qualify as dealing in those goods.

Question Approach - The Rigos system teaches you the "flowing memory-assisted approach" to maximize your scores. We call these Magic Memory Outlines®.  We also use acronyms to provide a pre-formatted way to memorize and recall the black letter law, ensuring you have an accurate, organized and complete answer covering all relevant issues.

  • O - Offer by Offeror Which is not yet Revoked or Rejected
  • A - Acceptance by Offeree Prior to Revocation or Rejection
  • C - Consideration -- Benefit to Promisor or Detriment to Promisee
  • L - Legal Capacity of Contracting Parties - Infants, Insane, Intoxicants
  • L - Legal Subject Matter and not Against Public Policy
  • S - Statute of Frauds Compliance if a MOULS Contract including


  • M - Marriage Contract
  • O - Over One Year Expressly by the Terms
  • U - UCC "Goods" Contract if $500 or More
  • L - Land or Lease for Over One Year
  • S - Suretyship Promises to Perform Another's Obligation or Debt


Remedies - MRS DAISI

  • M - Money Damages are the preferred remedy under the common law.
  • R - Rescission/Reformation/Replevin/Restitution
  • S - Specific performance is a frequent buyer's remedy.


  • D - Declaratory Judgment
  • A - Accounting
  • I - Injunctions and restraining orders - order to stop an action.
  • S - Statute of Limitations - time in which suit must be brought.
  • I - In Quasi-Contract - avoid unjust enrichment.


MyRigos Study Place

Every student has their own private web page on our website.   All your questions marked up by our graders, scores, and grading comments and suggestions are contained there.   This allows you to track your progress.    It also serves as a handy reference tool for our grader-mentors' discussion sessions to review your progress.

Magic Memory Outlines®

Our topical Magic Memory Outlines® are software templates on CD-ROM which students use to create their own personal outlines of the subjects. You summarize and synthesize the textual material in your own words. This forces you to capture the essence of the text and transfers the information from the book to your mind. For students who have prepared outlines to condense vast amounts of material in law school, these templates are similar and extremely effective. You can make outlines as elaborate and comprehensive as you wish since, in a word processing file, you can enlarge the space provided for your own notes. An example follows.

Partial Magic Memory Outlines®

            BLANK OUTLINE 
                           WITH STUDENT SUMMARY
  A. Contract Questions' Scope    A. Contract Questions' Scope - heavily tested and cross-over questions. 3 questions per exam.
  B. Overall Memory Ladder Acronym - OACLLS VIPR TAD    B. Overall Memory Ladder Acronym - OACLLS VIPR TAD
  C. Privity of Contract    C. Privity of Contract - necessary to have standing to sue on contract.
  D. Common Law v. UCC Distinction    D. Common Law v. UCC Distinction - identify the governing law in first sentence of answer
     1. UCC Intention of Reasonableness      1. UCC Intention of Reasonableness - requires less precision in terms
     2. Application      2. Application - does UCC or common law apply?
      a. Common Law - SIR       a. Common Law - SIR - Services, Intangibles, and Real Estate
      b. UCC       b. UCC - sale of “goods” - movable items
      c. Distinction       c. Distinction - can be subtle - book sale & binding repair
      d. Mixed Contract       d. Mixed Contract - predominate factor for contract governs
    3. Fill in Blanks and Conflict Functions     3. Fill in Blanks and Conflict Functions - UCC default provisions fill-in gaps except quantity
    4. Duty to Communicate     4. Duty to Communicate - UCC may impose; none under common law
    5. Merchant v. Casual Party     5. Merchant v. Casual Party - special provisions if deals in goods or is expert; usually seller M
    6. Application by Analogy     6. Application by Analogy - good faith and duty to mitigate damages
  E. Express or Implied   E. Express or Implied
    1. Express Contract     1. Express Contract - oral or written agreement
    2. Implied Contract     2. Implied Contract - necessary intent exhibited by actions of parties
      a. Implied in Fact       a. Implied in Fact - real contract but no agreement on price/fee
      b. Implied in Law       b. Implied in Law - avoid unjust enrichment, quasi contract, Quantum Meruit
  F. Acceptance by Promise or Act   F. Acceptance by Promise or Act
    1. Bilateral     1. Bilateral - promisor seeking a return promise from promisee, both promises independently enforceable
    2. Unilateral     2. Unilateral - seeking acceptance by performance of the act required, example reward offer


Writing Program

The MEE portion of the UBE consists of 6 30-minute essay questions per exam with two to four subparts each.  These essays are unlike any essay exam that you’ve seen in law school and require that you learn new writing techniques. We will teach you how to approach the unique needs of this exam and the secrets top scorers use to ensure that their writing is clear and concise. There is no extra charge for the writing program with Rigos.

In the writing program, we critique your essay answers for issue spotting, organization, analysis, and writing style. The objective is to make it as easy as possible for the grader to recognize your knowledge and award points for your discussion of controlling issues and black letter law.

We grade over 16 full substantive and Professional Responsibility questions during class.  Dozens more are reviewed in the course.  We include three simulated exams.  Among our faculty are former State Bar examiners and the best of our former students who have written and graded thousands of actual examination answers. Practice makes perfect and Rigos makes practice easy.

Our grading is transmitted electronically so your feedback is very quick. We provide a full grading guide, model answer, and specific suggestions on how to improve your writing style, organizational presentation, and content.  After receiving and returning three to five questions, you can meet with our grader-mentors to review your progress.

Our writing program differs from others in that it is integrated into the day-to-day classes,  producing more useful feedback and more reinforcement of the substantive topic we just covered in class. The result of the extra value is that almost all of our students complete all the essays. This Rigos integrated full-coverage advantage is one of the reasons our pass-rate is higher than any of the competitions' courses.

The following topics are covered in the Rigos UBE graded questions:

  • Torts
  • Contracts
  • Property
  • Sales
  • Partnership/Agency
  • Corporations
  • Administrative/Constitutional Law
  • Family Law/Community Property
  • Criminal Law
  • Criminal Procedure
  • Civil Procedure
  • Evidence
  • Secured Transactions
  • Wills and Trusts
  • Professional Responsibility
Last updated on 10/1/2019 3:21:08 PM